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About the End of the World…

20 Dec

Primum vivere, deinde philosophari. – Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)

Yes! it is the end of the miserable world!…if the People will understand, open their eyes and look down on their wretchedness, on the abuses they have always suffered; if they will apply the remedy for their evils, – evils which desolate society, regenerate the world, and give it new life. – John F. Mas

It is a very old story, that of the end of the world. The lightning and thunder, the inundations, the drought, the earthquakes, all the great cataclysms have been a rich subject for the priests and Jesuits of all countries to predict the end of the world. The remotest date we can recollect of in history is the year 999. At the last hour of said year 999 , the terrestrial globe, according to our evil prophets, was to disappear like a nutmeg in the hands of a juggler, and all human beings to die instantly, and their soul appear before an old white-bearded man whom they call God. who would judge the ones good for Heaven, the others for Hell and Purgatory, three things which the priests and Jesuits skilfully turn to good account in frightening the credulous and weak-minded people. Nevertheless, the globe still revolves. Those predictions were throwing perturbation and desolation throughout the entire  world, while the hypocritical devotees benignly reaped the earthly treasures from the horrified populations. – John F. Mas, in The end of Miserable World [1]

When man starts to see the “end of the world”, it seems to me that he is attained by this feeling because he perceives his own failures. And unfortunately, in my viewpoint, he is right in this perception, because for the common human being, moderately aware of what is going on, the delusion he actually feels is the outcome of the total comprehension that human history is not what is told in textbooks, is not a guaranteed progress. No, in fact, there is always present the strange possibility of civilizational retroces, this human stupidity that is hidden on our brain wiring, that common politicians use for their profit. Humans, if not educated with higher purpose, are framed to cheat, to use others for their own egoistic and materialistic desires. That’s what we see everyday, in a world without sincere leaders, in the news that are vehiculated by the medias and the horrific programs that are scheduled to frame our state of minds, in the promise made by our politicians, that we know are not serious, are just the way they live, cheating people. The natural expectations human beings may have in their very short lifespan, are prone to delusion, making of every human being, instead of the little god he hides inside of him and the marvellous being he was entitled to be on this planet, one more potential cheater, one more potential killer, and all to benefit this strange political system, that “gently” is dominating this human race.

So, yes, dear Fellow Citizen, this is the End of the World, we all start to recognize the truth behind the ditto. Before us, philosophers tried to clear our minds about what this means.

Friedrich Nietzsche claimed “God is dead”, because in his “optics”, no hope we may receive from the heavens.

In the same tune, Erich Fromm claimed that man is dead [2]{2}, and the day will come when he will cease to be a man, and will become a machine deprived of reflexion and…sentiments.

But I am sure that human beings are well below their true potential, unfortunately controlled by an educative system and mass media that frame their minds.

So, are we talking about the end of the world?…Probably it already started a long time ago…

REFERENCES:

[1] The end of Miserable World, by John F. Mas

[2] The Sane Society, by Erich Fromm

SITES:
{1} 2012 and Counting: A Nasa scientist answer top 20 questions about the End of the World

{2} Marxist.org: Erich Fromm, The Nature of Man, 1961

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Leo Szilard and the Foundation Mark Gable

16 Sep

“Gloire et louange à toi, Satan, dans les hauteurs

Du Ciel, où tu régnas, et dans les profondeurs

De l’Enfer, où, vaincu, tu rêves en silence!

Fais que mon âme un jour, sous l’Arbre de Science,

Près de toi se repose, à l’heure où sur ton front

Comme un Temple nouveau ses rameaux s’épandront!

Charles Baudelaire, in Les Fleurs du Mal [1]

Science is in danger of survival. Technology and Burocracy took its place. How to create anew the conditions that give birth to the wonderful discoveries of the last century that endure until the 1950’s with the discovery of the laser? This is an actual and fundamental problem that strikes our civilization.

“Only daring have made the main contributions  to Science. Notwithstanding this, the contemporary heavy administration in the
system of modern scientific education and scientific research still suppresses  everyone who wishes to develop new and productive ideas. That is why the  freedom  of scientific work and the free initiative of original studies should  undeniably be defended, because only these factors were and will be the most  productive sources of great progress of Science”—Louis de Broglie, Necessity of  Freedom of Scientific Work, Annales de la Fondation Louis de Broglie, vol. 4, nº  1, p.62 (1979)

Fermi-Szilard neutronic Reactor. Image credit:Wikipedia

But here we are talking about a singular man of science. Leo Szilard, the great physicist of Hungarian ascent after Hiroshima left physics to dedicate his interests to biology and science-fiction…Szilard was born in Hungary in 1898 and come to Berlin in 1919 to study with Albert Einstein, Max von Laue and become a friend with Eugen Wigner. In 1938 he went to the United States, rapidly recognizing the evil nature of nazism. In Chicago, he worked with Enrico Fermi at the Metallurgical Laboratory in the framework of the Manhattan Project. At this laboratory, Leo Szilard developed the concept of nuclear chain reaction into a nuclear  reactor, and he patented the idea together with another great physicist Enrico Fermi (this kind of people are disappearing in our societies unfortunately, there is no place for them), see their patent [1a].

US postage stamp honoring Enrico Fermi. Im credit: web.mit.edu

Leo Szilard. Image credit: sciencephoto.com

At a certain moment, Szilard felt the need to eliminate the sinister side of his nuclear reactor and atomic bomb, not being pleased with the political turn of the Manhattan Project.

What was his idea about Big Science? «It was not the kind of physics I like, and I even wonder if it is physics at all». In a  series of tales, Szilard, describes with humor a meeting with a millionaire, Mark Gable, that enriched with a bank of sperm. We refer now to a part of the tale appearing in Leo Szilard book “The voice of the dolphins and other stories” [2].

“Would you intend to do anything for the advancement of science?” I asked.

“No”, Mark Gable said. “I believe scientific progress is too fast as it is.”

“I share your feeling about this point,” I said with fervor of conviction, “but then why not do something about the retardation of scientific progress?”

“That I would very much like to do,” Mark Gable said, “but how do I go about it?”

“Well,” I said, “I think that shouldn’t be very difficult. As a matter of fact, I think it would be quite easy. You could set up a foundation, with an annual endowment of thirty million dollars. Research workers in need of funds could apply for grants, if they could mail out a convincing case. Have ten committees, each committee, each composed of twelve scientists, appointed to pass on these applications. Take the most active scientists out of the laboratory and make them members of these committees. And the very best men in the field should be appointed as chairman at salaries of fifty thousand dollars each. Also have about twenty prizes of one hundred thousand dollars each for the best scientific papers of the year. This is just about all you would have to do. Your lawyers could easily prepare a charter for the foundation. As a matter of fact, any of the National Science Foundation bills which were introduced in the Seventy-ninth and Eightieth Congress could perfectly well serve as a model.”

This question is of huge importance nowadays and must be taken seriously by all of us. What kind of civilization are we leaving to our sons? [3]

REFERENCES:

[1] Charles Baudelaire, Les Fleurs du Mal

[1a] Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard, Nutronic Reactor, Patent US2708656

[2] Leo Szilard, The voice of Dolphins and Other Stories

[3] Tragic Science of Leo Szilard, by Roy Scott Sheffield

How to make anything…

13 May

[…] one key ingredient of economic growth: technological creativity. – The Lever of Riches, by Joel Mokyr.

This post is dedicated to the inventive people around the world, people who enjoy to build things, apparatus, devices,…People that strive for a better world, where people are creative and respected.

Joel Mokyr dedicated a great effort to elucidate the mechanism that may cause economic progress. He realized that the key ingredient is technological creativity [1]. For economist, technological advances gave to humanity the so-called “free lunch” {1} (Mokyr means “an increase in output that is not commensurate with the increase in effort and cost necessary to bring it about”) that everybody is seeking for, but in the current dark age, it is denied to us. His famous book entitled “The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress”, gives numerous counterexamples to this statement, and it is a fundamental text to read. According to Mokyr [1], in much occurrences we have access to very cheap lunches, but in history there is plenty of example of very expensive lunches that cost dead to many of us…Still quoting him:

 Through most of history, however, societies have not been on the frontier, where they fully exploited their resources, but at a point inside it, where waste and inefficiency meant that living standards were lower than they would have been if the resources available had been deployed efficiently.

Economic growth can be achieved by means of 4 different processes:

  1. investment (increases in the capital stock at a rate faster than the labor force makes available to each worker more capital to work with and economic growth follows). This seems to be the general path followed by governments, but this implies to abstain to consume now in order to be able to consume in the future. Very costly.
  2. Commercial expansion. “An increase in the exchange of goods, services, labor, or capital can be beneficial for all partners involved” [1].
  3. Scale or size effects.
  4. Increases in the stock of human knowledge. This means technlogical progress and changes of institutions.

The choices I have made here are limited naturally, but the important is the general message. As an old saying goes: You can be, or have or to do anything you wish…provided you do your best to attain what you wish…

NAMASTE! (According to Hinduism, it means the God in me salutes the God in you!)

HOW TO HAVE FREE ENERGY FOREVER…

HOW TO BUILD A PERSONNAL COMPUTER

HOW TO MAKE A MAGNETOFLUID

HOW TO MAKE A PAPER CIRCUIT

HOW TO BUILD A POPPOP BOAT

HOW TO MAKE A HOMEMADE ROCKET LAUNCH

HOW TO MAKE A MATCH ROCKET

HOW TO MAKE A SIMPLE AIR CONDITIONNER

HOW TO MAKE AN EARTHQUAKE

HOW TO MAKE A FRIDGE FOR RURAL COUNTRIES

HOW TO LIVE IN WILDERNESS

A SECRET BUILDING

ALTERNATIVE LIVING
http://ahref=

HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN RADIO STATION IN INTERNET

HOW TO MAKE A FM TRANSMITTER

HOW TO MAKE AN EARTH BATTERY

HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN TV STATION

HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN OPERATING SYSTEM

HOW TO ORGANIZE A COOPERATIVE

HOW TO ORGANIZE A PEOPLE’S SUPERMARKET

REFERENCES:

[1] Joel Mokyr, The Lever of the Riches

NOTES:

{1} Nobel-prize winning Chicago-school economist Milton Friedman said it.

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